- jobW1S1 [dʒɔb US dʒa:b] n▬▬▬▬▬▬▬1¦(work)¦2¦(duty)¦3¦(something you must do)¦4 on the job5 I'm only/just doing my job6 it's more than my job's worth7 do the job8 have a job doing something/have a job to do something9 do a job on somebody/something10¦(computer)¦11¦(crime)¦12 a nose/boob job13 just the job14¦(type of thing)¦15 jobs for the boys16 job of work17 job lot▬▬▬▬▬▬▬[Date: 1500-1600; Origin: Perhaps from job 'piece, lump' (15-17 centuries)]1.) ¦(WORK)¦the regular paid work that you do for an employer▪ Do you enjoy your job?▪ It was the first paid job I ever had.▪ He's been in the job for six years.▪ I'm looking for a new job.▪ Your pension can be affected if you change jobs.▪ I've applied for a job at the university.▪ Well, Miss Taylor, we'd like to offer you the job .▪ Eventually, Mary got a job as a waitress.▪ I was so desperate that I took the first job that came along.▪ He had never been able to hold down a job .▪ At least there's no danger of you losing your job .▪ Oh Rick, you didn't quit your job did you?▪ If the project fails, we're all out of a job .▪ It's a temporary job , but I'm hoping it will be made permanent.▪ the pet shop where he had a part-time job▪ I haven't had a steady job since last March.▪ Levels of job satisfaction vary between departments.▪ I didn't see the point of moving my family to London without any job security .2.) ¦(DUTY)¦ [singular]something that you are responsible for doing▪ Raising kids can be a difficult job.▪ It's my job to make sure that the work is finished on time.the job of sb/sth▪ The job of the jury is to assess the credibility of the witness.the job of doing sth▪ I was given the job of making sure that everyone had enough to drink.▪ All too often councils fall down on the job (=not do what they should) of keeping the streets clean.3.) ¦(SOMETHING YOU MUST DO)¦a particular thing you have to do, considered as work= ↑task▪ My parents were always finding little jobs for me to do.▪ Filleting fish can be quite a fiddly job.▪ Tiling the bathroom is going to be a big job .▪ Sam does odd jobs (=small jobs in the house or garden) for friends and neighbours.the job of doing sth▪ The job of choosing the right computer for you is made easy by this magazine.▪ We need to get on with the job of finding someone to replace him.do a good/great/marvellous etc job▪ Whoever did the plastering did a brilliant job.make a good/bad etc job of (doing) sth▪ She hates doing the cleaning, but she always makes a good job of it.4.) on the joba) while you are doing a particular job▪ Most clerical training is done on the job.b) doing a particular job▪ We've got some of our best people on the job.c) BrE spoken informal having sex5.) I'm only/just doing my jobspoken used to say that it is not your fault if you have to do something in your work that other people do not like6.) it's more than my job's worthBrE spoken used to tell someone that you cannot do what they want because you would lose your job if you did - often used humorously7.) do the jobspoken to have the effect or produce the result that you want▪ A little more glue should do the job.8.) have a job doing sth/have a job to do sthBrE spoken to have difficulty doing something▪ I think we might have a job parking in town.9.) do a job on sb/sthinformal especially AmE to have a damaging effect on someone or something▪ The sun does quite a job on people's skin.10.)¦(COMPUTER)¦an action done by a computer▪ a print job11.) ¦(CRIME)¦ informala crime in which money is stolen from a bank, company etc▪ a bank job▪ Police believe it was an inside job (=done by someone who works for the company where the crime happens) .12.) a nose/boob job informalan operation to improve the appearance of your nose or breasts▪ She looks completely different in this photo - she must have had a nose job.13.) just the jobBrE spoken exactly what is needed for a particular purpose or situation▪ This bag is just the job for carrying your sports gear.14.) ¦(TYPE OF THING)¦ [singular]spoken used to say that something is of a particular type▪ Jack's got a new car - a red two-seater job.15.) jobs for the boysBrE when someone in an important position gives work to their friends, especially when this gives the friends an unfair advantage▪ The council chief was suspended over allegations of jobs for the boys.16.) job of workBrE something that you have to do even if you do not enjoy it17.) job lotBrE a mixed group of things that are sold together▪ a job lot of furniture→↑blow job, ↑hand job, ↑hatchet job,(it's a) good job at ↑good1 (49), make the best of a bad job at ↑best3 (9)▬▬▬▬▬▬▬COLLOCATES for sense 1apply for a joboffer somebody a jobget/find a job (as something)land a job informal (=get a job)take a job (=accept a job that you are offered)hold down a job (=keep a job when this is difficult)lose a jobleave/quit a jobbe out of a job (=not have a job)temporary jobpermanent jobpart-time jobfull-time jobsteady job (=a job that is likely to continue)job satisfaction (=the enjoyment you get from your job)job security (=how permanent your job is likely to be)WORD CHOICE: job, work, post, position, occupation, profession, careerYour job is the work that you do regularly in order to earn money, especially when you work for a company or public organization : My last job was with a computer firm. | He finally got a job in a supermarket.Work is used in a more general way to talk about activities that you do to earn money, either working for a company or for yourself : Will you go back to work when you've had the baby? | I started work when I was 18.!! Do not say 'what is your job?' or 'what is your work?'. Say what do you do? or what do you do for a living?Post and position are more formal words for a job in a company or organization. They are used especially in job advertisements and when you are talking about someone moving to a different job : This post would suit a recent graduate. | He left last summer for a teaching position in Singapore.Use occupation to talk about the kind of work that someone usually does, for example if they are a teacher, lawyer, driving instructor etc. Occupation is used mainly on official forms : State your name, age, and occupation in the box below.!! Do not use occupation to talk about your own job : I am an accountant. (NOT My occupation is an accountant).A profession is a kind of work for which you need special training and a good education, for example teaching, law, or medicine : the legal professionYour career is the type of work that you do or hope to do for most of your life : I'm interested in a career in television. | His career is more important to him than his family.▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.